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Since the 2001 Mars Odyssey orbiter arrived at Mars on October 23, 2001 we are learning what chemical elements (e.g., carbon, iron, etc.) and minerals are present at the planet's surface. Surprised scientists have found enormous quantities of buried treasure lying just under the surface of Mars -- enough water ice to fill Lake Michigan twice over. There are also tantalizing indications emerging from the thousands of infrared images already taken that Mars experienced a series of environmental...
Topics: What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Mars, Where -- Michigan
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/video/webcast20021114.html
NASA Images
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MSL Animation
Topic: What -- MSL
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/gallery/videos.html
NASA Images
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This is a topographic map of part of the area covered by the first image of Mars obtained by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft. The image was processed at the U.S. Geological Survey, Flagstaff, by a technique called photoclinometry (or, more descriptively, "shape-from-shading"). This method allows elevations to be reconstructed from a single image by noting how surfaces sloping toward the sun appear brighter...
Topics: Calibration, What -- Mars, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/Release_first_topo_layout_300dpi.html
NASA Images
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Face on Mars
Topics: Latest Images, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/gallery/images_latestimages.html
NASA Images
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Image and animation credit: NOAA You might not often consider forecasts for other planets or stars. After all, they don't affect you, right? WRONG! Solar flares, or sudden bursts of energy from the Sun, can interrupt communication and electricity here on Earth. Guardians of in-flight spacecraft are especially sensitive to volatile solar forecasts since the emissions from our warm star can damage them severely. September 7, 2005 saw the fourth largest solar flare in the last 15 years! The Mars...
Topics: Cruise, What -- Sun, What -- Earth, What -- Mars, What -- MRO, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/cruise/solar-flare-20050907.html
NASA Images
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This picture of the European Space Agency's Mars Express spacecraft by the Mars Orbiter Camera on NASA's Mars Global Surveyor is from the first successful imaging of any spacecraft orbiting Mars by another spacecraft orbiting Mars. The picture is a composite of two views of Mars Express that Mars Orbiter Camera acquired on April 20, 2005, from distances of about 250 and 370 kilometers (155 and 229 miles). Owing to the large distance between Mars Global Surveyor and Mars Express when the two...
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars Express, What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS),...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/spacecraft/combinedMoc.html
NASA Images
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Fans and ribbons of dark sand dunes creep across the floor of Bunge Crater in response to winds blowing from the direction at the top of the picture. The frame is about 14 kilometers (9 miles) wide. This image was taken in January 2006 by the Thermal Emission Imaging System instrument on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter and posted in a special December 2010 set marking the occasion of Odyssey becoming the longest-working Mars spacecraft in history. The pictured location on Mars is 33.8 degrees south...
Topics: What -- Crater, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- Mars, What -- 2001 Mars...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504750main_pia13654b-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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This panorama taken by NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity includes an outcrop informally called ''Cambridge Bay.'' Opportunity examined this outcrop in August 2010. The outcrop includes an apparent contact between two bedrock units which have different textures and perhaps compositions. A stereo view of this image combines exposures from the left eye and the right eye of the navigation camera to provide a three-dimensional effect when viewed through red-blue glasses with the red lens on...
Topics: What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Opportunity, What -- STEREO, What -- Navigation...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/480423main_pia13372-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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Cydonia comparison In July of 1976 the Viking 1 Orbiter imaged an area of the Cydonia region located in the northern latitudes of Mars. NASA released an image of a surface feature that due to sun angle and shadows gave the appearance of a human "face." The feature is 1.5 kilometers (one mile) across. It was imaged from a range of range of 1,873 kilometers (1,164 miles) with a resolution of 30 meters (98 feet) per pixel. Data transmission drop-out errors produced the speckled...
Topics: What -- Viking 1 Orbiter, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Sun, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/gallery/images_faceonmars.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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A sea of dark dunes, sculpted by the wind into long lines, surrounds the northern polar cap covering an area as big as Texas. In this false-color image, areas with cooler temperatures are recorded in bluer tints, while warmer features are depicted in yellows and oranges. Thus, the dark, sun-warmed dunes glow with a golden color. This image covers an area 30 kilometers (19 miles) wide. This scene combines images taken during the period from December 2002 to November 2004 by the Thermal Emission...
Topics: What -- Polar, Where -- Denver, Where -- California, What -- Sun, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504716main_pia13662-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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A key aspect of the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Extended Mission is the opportunity to turn the spacecraft and point the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) at specific features of interest. A chance to point the spacecraft comes about ten times a week. Throughout the Primary Mission (March 1999 - January 2001), nearly all MGS operations were conducted with the spacecraft pointing "nadir"---that is, straight down. In this orientation, opportunities to hit a specific small feature of interest...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Opportunity,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/face_E03-00824_proc.html
NASA Images
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<a href="http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/video/" target="_blank">Mars Exploration Program Video page</a>
Topics: Multimedia Videos, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/gallery/videos.html
NASA Images
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Like Earth, Mars is one of four rocky planets in our solar system. It has familiar features such as clouds, weather systems, volcanoes, canyons, and polar ice caps. And yet, Mars is a mysterious planet of extremes when compared to Earth. Every mission we send to Mars reveals surprises, challenging prior scientific theories about the Martian environment, its climatic and geologic history, and its potential for past, present, or even future life if humans travel there one day. 2001 Mars Odyssey...
Topics: Slideshow: 01 - 2001 Mars Odyssey Slides, What -- Earth, What -- Mars, What -- Polar, What -- 2001...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/slideshows/show01/s01-02.html
NASA Images
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Shortly after midnight Sunday morning (5 April 1998 12:39 AM PST), the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) on the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) spacecraft successfully acquired a high resolution image of the 'Face on Mars' feature in the Cydonia region. The image was transmitted to Earth on Sunday, and retrieved from the mission computer data base Monday morning (6 April 1998). The image was processed at the Malin Space Science Systems (MSSS) facility 9:15 AM and the raw image immediately transferred to the...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars, What...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/PIA01442.html
NASA Images
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On Earth, the longitude of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England is defined as the 'prime meridian,' or the zero point of longitude. Locations on Earth are measured in degrees east or west from this position. The prime meridian was defined by international agreement in 1884 as the position of the large 'transit circle', a telescope in the Observatory's Meridian Building. The transit circle was built by Sir George Biddell Airy, the 7th Astronomer Royal, in 1850. (While visual observations...
Topics: Mars Atlas, What -- Earth, What -- Meridian, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/atlas/PIA03207.html
NASA Images
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This mosaic of images from the navigation camera on NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity shows surroundings of the rover's location following an 81-meter (266-foot) drive during the 2,363rd Martian day, or sol, of Opportunity's mission on Mars (Sept. 16, 2010). The camera took the component images for this 360-degree panorama during sols 2363 to 2365. The terrain includes light-toned bedrock and darker ripples of wind-blown sand. For scale, the distance between the parallel wheel tracks in...
Topics: What -- Navigation Camera (NC), What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Opportunity, What --...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/484925main_pia13413_full.jpg
NASA Images
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This mosaic of images from the navigation camera on NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity shows surroundings of the rover's location following an 81-meter (266-foot) drive during the 2,363rd Martian day, or sol, of Opportunity's mission on Mars (Sept. 16, 2010). The camera took the component images for this 360-degree panorama during sols 2363 to 2365. The terrain includes light-toned bedrock and darker ripples of wind-blown sand. For scale, the distance between the parallel wheel tracks in...
Topics: What -- Navigation Camera (NC), What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Opportunity, What --...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/484937main_pia13414_full.jpg
NASA Images
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This mosaic of images from the navigation camera on NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity shows surroundings of the rover's location following an 81-meter (266-foot) drive during the 2,363rd Martian day, or sol, of Opportunity's mission on Mars (Sept. 16, 2010). The camera took the component images for this 360-degree panorama during sols 2363 to 2365. The terrain includes light-toned bedrock and darker ripples of wind-blown sand. For scale, the distance between the parallel wheel tracks in...
Topics: What -- Navigation Camera (NC), What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Opportunity, What --...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/484978main_pia13416-full.JPG
NASA Images
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This color picture of Mars was taken July 21--the day following Viking l's successful landing on the planet. The local time on Mars is approximately noon. The view is southeast from the Viking. Orange- red surface materials cover most of the surface, apparently forming a thin veneer over darker bedrock exposed in patches, as in the lower right. The reddish surface materials may be limonite (hydrated ferric oxide). Such weathering products form on Earth in the presence of water and an oxidizing...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Mars, What -- Viking, What -- Earth, What -- Viking 1 Lander
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/PIA00563.html
NASA Images
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Mars Orbiter
Topics: 2001 Orbiter Completes Acoustic Testing, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/spacecraft/atcomplete.html
Mars Collection
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This image displays the type of detail discernable with the telescopic camera of the Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) instrument on the Mars Science Laboratory mission's Curiosity rover. The instrument uses a telescope for spectroscopic analysis of chemical elements in targets such as rocks or soil. The same telescope serves the instrument's camera, called the remote microimager. For this image, the remote microimager photographed a dollar bill from 10 feet (3 meters) away. ChemCam was conceived,...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/multimedia/pia15105.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Humanity is a very visual species. We rely on our eyes to tell us what is going on in the world around us. Put any image in front of a person and that person will examine the picture looking for anything familiar. Even if the examiner has no idea what he/she is looking at in a picture, he/she will still be able to make a statement about the picture, usually preceded by the words ''it looks like...'' The image above is part of the surface of Mars, but is presented for its artistic value rather...
Topics: What -- Mars, What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), Where --...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504670main_pia05462b-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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This is an image of the meteorite that NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity found and examined in September 2010. Opportunity's cameras first revealed the meteorite in images taken on Sol 2363 (Sept. 16, 2010), the 2,363rd Martian day of the rover's mission on Mars. This view was taken with the panoramic camera on Sol 2371 (Sept. 24, 2010). The science team used two tools on Opportunity's arm -- the microscopic imager and the alpha particle X-ray spectrometer -- to inspect the rock's...
Topics: What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Opportunity, What -- Mars, What -- Panoramic Camera,...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/485986main_pia13418-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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An iron meteorite is the latest quarry for NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity. The rover's cameras revealed the meteorite on its trek to its long-term destination, Endeavour crater, in images taken on Sol 2363 (Sept. 16, 2010), the 2,363rd Martian day of the rover's mission on Mars. This view was taken with the navigation camera on Sol 2368 (Sept. 21, 2010), after a drive the preceding sol to get close to the rock. The meteorite is about half a meter (20 inches) long. This image is the...
Topics: What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), Where -- Ireland, What -- Opportunity, What -- Crater, What...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/485110main_PIA13417-right-full_full.jpg
Mars Collection
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This view of the head of the remote sensing mast on the Mars Science Laboratory mission's rover, Curiosity, shows seven of the 17 cameras on the rover. Two pairs of Navigation cameras (Navcams), among the rover's 12 engineering cameras, are the small circular apertures on either side of the head. On the top are the optics of the Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) investigation, which includes a laser and a telescopic camera. The Mast Camera (MastCam) instrument includes a...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/multimedia/pia15106.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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If a meteorite breaks in two shortly before hitting the ground, the typical bowl shape of a single impact crater becomes doubled. The two circular blast regions intersect, creating a straight wall separating the two craters. At the same time, ''wings'' of ejected debris shoot out to the side. The image covers an area 13 kilometers (8 miles) wide. This picture was taken in May 2005 by the Thermal Emission Imaging System instrument on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter and posted in a special December...
Topics: What -- Crater, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- Mars, What -- 2001 Mars...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504693main_pia13660-full_full.jpg
Mars Collection
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This image provides an example of the type of data collected by the Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) instrument on the Mars Science Laboratory mission's Curiosity rover. The instrument uses a laser to generate a flash of ionized plasma on a target such as a rock, while observing the target with spectrometers receiving light through a telescope. Peaks in the intensity of light emitted at specific wavelengths are indicators of specific chemical elements in the target. The horizontal scale is...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/multimedia/pia15104.html
NASA Images
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This stereo mosaic of images from the navigation camera on NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity shows surroundings of the rover's location following an 81-meter (266-foot) drive during the 2,363rd Martian day, or sol, of Opportunity's mission on Mars (Sept. 16, 2010). The view appears three-dimensional when viewed through red-blue glasses with the red lens on the left. The camera took the component images for this 360-degree panorama during sols 2363 to 2365. The terrain includes...
Topics: What -- STEREO, What -- Navigation Camera (NC), What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What --...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/484977main_pia13415-full.jpg
NASA Images
by NASA
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Image Credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
Topic: What -- Magnetometer
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/473364main_GalleryMAG_full.jpg
NASA Images
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One of several concept drawings for a potential Mars airplane in the future.
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/marsplanescout.html
NASA Images
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Chasma Boreale is a long, flat-floored valley that cuts deep into Mars' north polar icecap. Its walls rise about 1,400 meters (4,600 feet) above the floor. Where the edge of the ice cap has retreated, sheets of sand are emerging that accumulated during earlier ice-free climatic cycles. Winds blowing off the ice have pushed loose sand into dunes and driven them down-canyon in a westward direction, toward our viewpoint. This scene combines images taken during the period from December 2002 to...
Topics: What -- Mars, What -- Polar, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- 2001 Mars...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504682main_pia13659-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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This is an image of the meteorite that NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity found and examined in September 2010. Opportunity's cameras first revealed the meteorite in images taken on Sol 2363 (Sept. 16, 2010), the 2,363rd Martian day of the rover's mission on Mars. This view was taken with the panoramic camera on Sol 2371 (Sept. 24, 2010). The science team used two tools on Opportunity's arm -- the microscopic imager and the alpha particle X-ray spectrometer -- to inspect the rock's...
Topics: What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Opportunity, What -- Mars, What -- Panoramic Camera,...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/485998main_pia13419-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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An iron meteorite is the latest quarry for NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity. The rover's cameras revealed the meteorite on its trek to its long-term destination, Endeavour crater, in images taken on Sol 2363 (Sept. 16, 2010), the 2,363rd Martian day of the rover's mission on Mars. This view was taken with the navigation camera on Sol 2368 (Sept. 21, 2010), after a drive the preceding sol to get close to the rock. The meteorite is about half a meter (20 inches) long. This image is the...
Topics: What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), Where -- Ireland, What -- Opportunity, What -- Crater, What...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/485121main_PIA13417-left-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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An iron meteorite is the latest quarry for NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity. The rover's cameras revealed the meteorite on its trek to its long-term destination, Endeavour crater, in images taken on Sol 2363 (Sept. 16, 2010), the 2,363rd Martian day of the rover's mission on Mars. This view was taken with the navigation camera on Sol 2368 (Sept. 21, 2010), after a drive the preceding sol to get close to the rock. The meteorite is about half a meter (20 inches) long. The scene appears...
Topics: What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), Where -- Ireland, What -- Opportunity, What -- Crater, What...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/485132main_PIA13417-anaglyph-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
by NASA
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West of Valles Marineris lies a checkerboard named Noctis Labyrinthus, which formed when the Martian crust stretched and fractured. As faults opened, they released subsurface ice and water, causing the ground to collapse. This westward view combines images taken during the period from April 2003 to September 2005 by the Thermal Emission Imaging System instrument on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter. It is part of a special set of images marking the occasion of Odyssey becoming the longest-working...
Topics: What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- Mars, What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, Where --...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504631main_pia13655-full.jpg
NASA Images
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A vast dune field lies near the northern polar cap of Mars. Seen here in summer, the dunes have partially buried an impact crater about 1,000 (3,300 feet) wide. This image was taken in August 2010 by the Thermal Emission Imaging System instrument on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter and posted in a special December 2010 set marking the occasion of Odyssey becoming the longest-working Mars spacecraft in history. The pictured location on Mars is 79.1 degrees north latitude, 245.5 degrees east...
Topics: What -- Polar, Where -- California, What -- Mars, What -- Crater, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504704main_pia13661-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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The sharpest view of Mars ever taken from Earth was obtained by the recently refurbished NASA Hubble Space Telescope (HST). This stunning portrait was taken with the HST Wide Field Planetary Camera- 2 (WFPC2) on March 10, 1997, just before Mars opposition, when the red planet made one of its closest passes to the Earth (about 60 million miles or 100 million km). At this distance, a single picture element (pixel) in WFPC2's Planetary Camera spans 13 miles (22 km) on the Martian surface. The...
Topics: Global Views of Mars, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Earth, What -- Hubble...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/global/PIA01249.html
NASA Images
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This artist rendering shows the Mars Express spacecraft in orbit around Mars. Credit: ESA
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars Express, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/35699.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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A false-color mosaic focuses on one junction in Noctis Labyrinthus where canyons meet to form a depression 4,000 meters (13,000 feet) deep. Dust (blue tints) lies on the upper surfaces, while rockier material (warmer colors) lies below. The pictures used to create this mosaic image were taken from April 2003 to September 2005 by the Thermal Emission Imaging System instrument on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter. It is part of a special set of images marking the occasion of Odyssey becoming the...
Topics: What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- Mars, What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, Where --...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504632main_pia13656-full.jpg
NASA Images
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Ruth Fragoso, Launch Operations Engineer, and Glen Havens, Mission Operations Systems Engineer (MOSE), glance from their streaming spacecraft data to appreciate the sweet success of MRO's initial phase of launch before dawn Pacific Time on August 12, 2005. Credit: NASA/JPL
Topics: Launch, What -- Dawn, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/Ruth_Glen.html
Mars Collection
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This image illustrates the principals of a technique called "laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy," which the Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) instrument will use on Mars. ChemCam is one of 10 science instruments on the Mars Science Laboratory mission's rover, Curiosity. The technique fires pulses of a laser at a target such as a rock. Energy from the laser excites a pinhead-size spot on the target into glowing, ionized gas called plasma. Spectrometers in the instrument analyzes the...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/multimedia/pia15103.html
NASA Images
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The Twin Peaks are modest-size hills to the southwest of the Mars Pathfinder landing site. They were discovered on the first panoramas taken by the IMP camera on the 4th of July, 1997, and subsequently identified in Viking Orbiter images taken over 20 years ago. The peaks are approximately 30-35 meters (-100 feet) tall. North Twin is approximately 860 meters (2800 feet) from the lander, and South Twin is about a kilometer away (3300 feet). The scene includes bouldery ridges and swales or...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Mars, What -- Viking, What -- STEREO, What -- Discovery, Where -- Jet...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/PIA02405.html
NASA Images
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Prior to the Mariner 4 flyby in 1965, all we knew about Mars came from Earth-based telescopic observations. At best, Mars is a challenging object to observe, due to its small size, low contrast, and turbulence in Earth's atmosphere. The best times to see the planet are around its closest approaches to Earth, which occur near "opposition", when the two planets are roughly in a line on one side of the Sun. This occurs about every 26 months, when Mars can appear to grow (in the night...
Topics: Global Views of Mars, What -- Mariner 4, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/global/PIA03229.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Sand dunes shaped like blue-black flames lie next to a central hill within an unnamed, 120-kilometer-wide (75-mile-wide) crater in eastern Arabia on Mars. False colors depict the nature of the ground surface: Areas in bluish tints have more fine sand at the surface, while redder tints indicate harder sediments and outcrops of rock. This scene combines images taken during the period from February 2003 to August 2004 by the Thermal Emission Imaging System instrument on NASA's Mars Odyssey...
Topics: What -- Crater, What -- Mars, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- 2001 Mars...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504660main_pia13658-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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In April 2000 we presented all the images that had been taken in the Cydonia region of Mars up until that time. This is the area where popular books, magazine articles, tabloids and other news/infotainment media have speculated that some of the hills and mesas were artificially-shaped by extraterrestrial intelligence into forms such as a pyramid, a cone, and, most publicized, a face. Owing to this continuing interest, the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) team has, whenever the Mars Global Surveyor...
Topics: Mars Atlas, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/atlas/theface.html
NASA Images
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This enhanced image shows the inside of a rimless pit about 310 meters (1,017 feet) in diameter, northwest of the mountain Ascraeus Mons in the northern hemisphere of Mars. The pit has a very steep eastern wall (on the right) and more gently sloped western wall. Shadows and overhangs obscure some of the interior, but this stretched-brightness image shows boulders on the floor. The image is part of an observation made by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA's...
Topics: What -- Mars, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), Where -- Jet Propulsion...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/503137main_pia13650b_full.jpg
NASA Images
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These maps are global false-color topographic views of Mars at different orientations from the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA). The maps are orthographic projections that contain over 200,000,000 points and about 5,000,000 altimetric crossovers. The spatial resolution is about 15 kilometers at the equator and less at higher latitudes. The vertical accuracy is less than 5 meters. The right hand image view features the Hellas impact basin (in purple, with red annulus of high standing...
Topics: Global Views of Mars, What -- Mars, What -- Altimeter, Where -- Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/global/PIA02820.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Although it is 45 kilometers (28 miles) wide, countless layers of ice and dust have all but buried Udzha Crater. Udzha lies near the edge of the northern polar cap, and only the topmost edges of its crater rim rise above the polar deposits to hint at its circular shape. The image was taken by the Thermal Emission Imaging System instrument on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter and posted in a special December 2010 set marking the occasion of Odyssey becoming the longest-working Mars spacecraft in...
Topics: What -- Crater, Where -- California, What -- Polar, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504646main_pia13657-43_full.jpg
Mars Collection
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This artist's impression Mars' Gale Crater depicts a cross section through the mountain in the middle of the crater, from a viewpoint looking toward the southeast. The rover Curiosity of NASA's Mars Science Laboratory mission will land in Gale Crater in August 2012. The landing area is on or near an alluvial fan indicated in blue. A key factor in selection of Gale as the mission's landing site is the existence of clay minerals in a layer near the base of the mountain, within driving range of...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/multimedia/pia15102.html
NASA Images
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For more on Cydonia Mensae: http://marsprogram.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/target/index.html">MGS Targeted Observations ÊÜ
Topics: Mars Atlas, What -- Mars, What -- Atlas
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/atlas/cydonia-mensae.html
NASA Images
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The main difference between the volcanoes on Mars and Earth is their size; volcanoes in the Tharsis region of Mars are 10 to 100 times larger than those anywhere on Earth. The lava flows on the Martian surface are observed to be much longer, probably a result of higher eruption rates and lower surface gravity. Another reason why the volcanoes on Mars are so massive is because the crust on Mars doesn't move the way it does on Earth. On Earth, the hot spots remain stationary but crustal plates...
Topics: Mars Atlas, What -- Mars, What -- Earth, What -- Atlas, Where -- Michigan
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/atlas/olympus-mons.html
Mars Collection
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With NASA's Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) spacecraft sealed inside its payload fairing, the United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket rides a plume of flames as it climbs into the blue sky over Space Launch Complex-41 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida at 10:02 a.m. EST Nov. 26. Image credit: NASA/George Roberts Nov. 26, 2011
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/multimedia/gallery/2011-11-26.html
Mars Collection
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Gale Crater, where the rover Curiosity of NASA's Mars Science Laboratory mission will land in August 2012, contains a mountain rising from the crater floor. This oblique view of Gale Crater, looking toward the southeast, is an artist's impression using two-fold vertical exaggeration to emphasize the area's topography. Curiosity's landing site is on the crater floor northeast of the mountain. The crater's diameter is 96 miles (154 kilometers). The image combines elevation data from the High...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/multimedia/pia15101.html
NASA Images
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Five years after leaving Florida for Mars, NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft is still orbiting the red planet, collecting scientific data and relaying communications from NASA's two Mars rovers to Earth. Images such as this spectacular, color view of sun-bathed, layered escarpments and wind-scalloped, basalt dunes in the solar system's largest canyon continue to beckon space explorers and guide the way for future missions. Basaltic dunes are common on Mars but rare on Earth. Rounded knobs and...
Topics: Latest Images, What -- Mars, What -- Earth, What -- Sun, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/latestimages/20060407.html
NASA Images
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This artist rendering shows the Mars Express spacecraft in orbit around Mars.
Topics: What -- Mars Express, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/marsexpress-orbit4.html
NASA Images
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Viking Lander
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Viking
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/vikinglandera.html
Mars Collection
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With NASA's Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) spacecraft sealed inside its payload fairing, the United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket rides smoke and flames as it rises from the launch pad at Space Launch Complex-41 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida at 10:02 a.m. EST Nov. 26. Courtesy: Scott Andrews/Canon Nov. 26, 2011
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/multimedia/gallery/2011-11-26-padliftoff.html
Mars Collection
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This set of views illustrates capabilities of the Mast Camera (MastCam) instrument on the Mars Science Laboratory's Curiosity rover, using a scene on Earth as an example of what MastCam's two cameras can see from different distances. The images show a rock outcrop just south of Green River, Utah, of ancient (Jurassic Period, around 150 Million years old) rocks exposed by erosion of a large amount of sedimentary rock in the area. These images were taken with a consumer camera with a Bayer Filter...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/multimedia/pia15108.html
Mars Collection
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This artist's concept depicts the rover Curiosity, of NASA's Mars Science Laboratory mission, as it uses its Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) instrument to investigate the composition of a rock surface. ChemCam fires laser pulses at a target and views the resulting spark with a telescope and spectrometers to identify chemical elements. The laser is actually in an invisible infrared wavelength, but is shown here as visible red light for purposes of illustration. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/multimedia/pia14760.html
NASA Images
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In the Payload Hazardous Servicing Facility at NASA's Kennedy Space Center, workers from Lockheed Martin prepare the high-gain antenna for installation on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), in the background. Credit: NASA/KSC
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars, What -- MRO, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/spacecraft/ATLO_high-gain_pre-launch.html
Mars Collection
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Carrying the Mars Science Laboratory, the United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket climbs into the blue sky over Space Launch Complex-41 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. Image credit: NASA/Kenny Allen Nov. 26, 2011
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/multimedia/gallery/2011-11-26-3.html
NASA Images
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This artist rendering shows the Mars Express spacecraft in orbit around Mars.
Topics: What -- Mars Express, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/marsexpress-orbit3.html
NASA Images
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MEDIA RELATIONS OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION PASADENA, CALIF. 91109. TELEPHONE (818) 354-5011 <a href="http://www.jpl.nasa.gov">http://www.jpl.nasa.gov</a> PHOTO CAPTION <a href="http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA00559">PIA-00559</a> April 23, 2001 2001 Mars Odyssey's thermal emission imaging system took this portrait of the...
Topics: What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, What -- Mars, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/calibration/01apr23a.html
NASA Images
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This high-resolution color photo of the surface of Mars was taken by Viking Lander 2 at its Utopia Planitia landing site on May 18, 1979, and relayed to Earth by Orbiter 1 on June 7. It shows a thin coating of water ice on the rocks and soil. The time the frost appeared corresponds almost exactly with the buildup of frost one Martian year (23 Earth months) ago. Then it remained on the surface for about 100 days. Scientists believe dust particles in the atmosphere pick up bits of solid water....
Topics: Water Features, What -- Mars, What -- Viking 2 Lander, What -- Earth, What -- Sun
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/waterfeatures/PIA00571.html
NASA Images
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Since late June 2007, Mars has been having a series of regional dust storms. The dust raised by these individual storms has obscured most of the planet over the past few weeks. The two maps shown here are mosaics of images acquired by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) Mars Color Imager (MARCI) on two days separated by about 3 and a half weeks. The first, on 22 June, shows that there was a dust storm occurring near the east end of the Valles Marineris trough system (left of the label for...
Topics: Dust Storms, What -- Mars Color Imager (MARCI), What -- MRO, What -- Imager, What -- Opportunity,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/duststorms/dust-storm-animation.html
NASA Images
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MEDIA RELATIONS OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION PASADENA, CALIF. 91109. TELEPHONE (818) 354-5011 <a href="http://www.jpl.nasa.gov">http://www.jpl.nasa.gov</a> PHOTO CAPTION <a href="http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA00558">PIA-00558</a> April 23, 2001 The 2001 Mars Odyssey's thermal emission imaging system acquired these images...
Topics: What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, What -- Mars, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/calibration/01apr23.html
NASA Images
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Mariner 4 was launched November 28, 1964 on a 228-day mission to Mars. The spacecraft carried instruments for eight interplanetary and planetary experiments including a TV camera. Mariner 4 passed Mars at a distance of 9,868 kilometers (6,118 miles), recording and transmitting to Earth our first close-up picture of the red planet. In 21 and a fraction of a 22nd picture, Mariner's TV camera scanned about one percent of the Martian surface, revealing ancient craters of varying size. Planetary...
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mariner 4, What -- Mars, What -- TV Camera, What -- Earth
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/mariner4.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Tharsis Montes is the largest volcanic region on Mars. It is approximately 4,000 km across,10 km high, and contains 12 large volcanoes. The largest volcanoes in the Tharsis region are 4 shield volcanoes named Ascraeus Mons, Pavonis Mons, Arsia Mons, and Olympus Mons. The Tharsis Montes (Ascraeus, Pavonis, and Arsia) are located on the crest of the crustal bulge and their summits are about the same elevation as the summit of Olympus Mons, the largest of the Tharsis volcanoes. While not the...
Topics: Mars Atlas, What -- Mars, What -- Earth, What -- Atlas
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/atlas/tharsis-montes.html
NASA Images
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The flag of the United States with the rocky Martian surface in the background is seen in this color picture taken on the sixth day of Viking Lander 1 on Mars (July 26). The flag is on the RTG (Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator) wind screen. Below the flag is the bicentennial logo and the Viking symbol which shows an ancient Viking ship. This Viking symbol was designed by Peter Purol of Baltimore, winner of the Viking logo contest open to high school science students. To the right is the...
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Viking 1 Lander, What -- Mars, What -- Viking, What -- Sun, Where -- United...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/PIA00565.html
NASA Images
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Image Credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
Topic: What -- Spectrometer
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/473396main_GalleryNGIMS_full.jpg
NASA Images
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Newton Crater is a large basin formed by an asteroid impact that probably occurred more than 3 billion years ago. It is approximately 287 kilometers (178 miles) across. The picture shown here (top) highlights the north wall of a specific, smaller crater located in the southwestern quarter of Newton Crater (above). The crater of interest was also formed by an impact; it is about 7 km (4.4 mi) across, which is about 7 times bigger than the famous Meteor Crater in northern Arizona in North...
Topics: Craters, What -- Crater, What -- Earth, What -- Viking 1 Orbiter, Where -- Arizona
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/craters/PIA01039.html
NASA Images
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With one year of global mapping of the Mars Global Surveyor mission completed, the MOLA dataset has achieved excellent spatial and vertical resolution. The maps have been produced from the altimetric observations collected during MOLA's first year of global mapping and provide a variety of regional topographic views of the Martian surface. The maps were compiled from a database of 266.7 million laser altimetric measurements collected between March 1, 1999 and February 29, 2000. In each map the...
Topics: Craters, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/craters/PIA01049.html
NASA Images
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This artist's rendering shows a view of NASA's Mars 2003 Rover as it sets off roam the surface of the red planet. The rover is scheduled for launch in June 2003 and will arrive in January 2004, shielded in its landing by an airbag shell. The airbag/lander structure, which has no scientific instruments of its own, is shown to the right in this image, behind the rover. The rover will carry five scientific instruments and rock abrading device. The Panoramic Camera and the Miniature Thermal...
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars 2, What -- Rock Abrasion Tool, What -- Panoramic Camera, What -- Miniature...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/2003rover.html
Mars Collection
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The Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) instrument for NASA's Mars Science Laboratory mission will study chemistry of rocks, soil and air as the mission's rover, Curiosity, investigates Gale Crater on Mars. SAM was built at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md., where this image was taken. Image credit: NASA
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/multimedia/pia15100.html
NASA Images
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In December 1999, the MOC team finally had an answer! A dust devil, shown in the above figure, was caught in the act of creating a swirly, dark streak! An eerie sensation washed over the first team members who saw this picture---here was an event on Mars "caught in the act" just hours before the picture was played back to Earth. A "smoking gun." The first dust devil seen making a streak---located in Promethei Terra---was traveling from right (east) to left (west). A columnar...
Topics: Dust Storms, What -- Mars, What -- Earth, What -- Terra
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/duststorms/dustdev11dec99.html